Skip to main content

Translate

Diamond Head Volcanic Crater, Hawaii

Diamond Head, located on the eastern edge of Waikiki's coastline, is a famous volcanic crater and the most recognized landmark of Hawaii. Diamond Head is known in Hawaiian as Le’ahi meaning "brow (lea) of the yellowfin tuna (ahi)." It got its English name in the late 1700's when British seamen saw calcite crystals sparkling in the sunshine and thought they had found diamonds.
This broad, saucer-shaped crater was formed about 150,000 years ago during a single, explosive eruption that sent ash and fine particles in the air. As these materials settled, they cemented together into a rock called tuff, creating the crater, and which is visible from the trail in the park. Most of the vegetation and birds were introduced in the late 1800s to early 1900s. The crater is 3,520 feet in diameter with a 760-foot summit.
When the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898, harbor defense became a main responsibility. One of the major defense forts, Fort Ruger, occupied the Diamond Head Crater. An observation deck was constructed at the summit in 1910 to provide target sighting and a four level underground complex was built within the walls of the crater as a command post. A 580-foot tunnel was dug through the crater wall to provide easier access to the Fort. A battery of canons was located within the crater providing complete concealment and protection from invading enemies. The observation deck and underground complex is now abandoned with the advent of radar but evidence of the command post is still present along Diamond Head Trail.
Diamond Head is now a popular tourist spot and hiking destination. A 1.1-km hike leads to the edge of the crater's rim. Signs at the trailhead say that the hike takes 1.5–2 hours round-trip, and recommends that hikers bring water. Although not difficult, the signs also say that the hike is not a casual one: the mostly unpaved trail winds over uneven rock, ascends 74 steps, then through a tunnel and up another steep 99 steps. Next is a small lighted tunnel to a narrow spiral staircase (about 30 steps) inside a coastal artillery observation platform built in 1908. From the summit above the observation platform both Waikiki and the Pacific Ocean can be seen in detail.
The volcano is a symbol of the worldwide recognition of the Hawaiian Islands. Many souvenirs from Hawaii and surf shop logos around the world bear the volcano's distinctive silhouette.






Popular posts from this blog

New Criss-Crossing Tape Sculptures From Megan Geckler's

On show at the The state of utah Art gallery of Modern Art until Feb 23 are Megan Geckler's new site-specific installations designed with her trademark content - flagging tape. Using cautious statistical computations, she changes the space with shiny jolts of shade. The show, named“No chance to move backwards and see,” attracts from geometrical illusionism and concepts of style. Not only will guests get to see several of her flip sculptural performs, they'll also come experience to deal with with her wonderful weaved walls painting.

Raspberry Pi forums begin shipping these days (video)

the trading manufacturers of Electrocomponents plc (LSE:ECM), the major high service supplier of gadgets and servicing products, are beginning deliveries of Raspberry Pi, the credit-card scaled pc panel developed to seeds a new technology of developers. The deliveries are being sent to the first list of clients from around the world, all of whom authorized for a Raspberry Pi from RS and Allied.

"There has been a large trend of expectation and outstanding stages of need for Raspberry Pi since it was released, so we are pleased to be providing the first forums to preliminary customers"
When purchasing Raspberry Pi from the devoted web store, clients can press through to the associated car components and elements required for initial of the panel. These involve USB A-B cords, HDMI cords, power resources and SD storage credit cards from a range of major providers, all available to purchase from inventory. By purchasing these cords and other elements from RS and Allied at the sam…

MasterCard Makes simpler Purchasing with Release of PayPass Pockets Services

MasterCard (NYSE:MA) today declared PayPass Pockets Solutions, a new international providing for financial institutions, suppliers and associates that will create it quicker and simpler for their customers to shop in stores or on the internet by enabling them to safely pay with a easy computer mouse click, touch of the product screen or tap of the mobile phone.